Its exact location is 130 kilometers northeast of Cuzco, Machu Picchu, district of the Urubamba province, in the department of Cuzco and attained the title of Historical Sanctuary on January 8, 1981. In 1983, UNESCO declared it a World Heritage site.
This wonder of the world is the work of the ancient Peruvians who knew very well the art of stone carving and polishing. The way it was constructed is still a mystery, as it is difficult to imagine how the massive stones that were used to build the most important buildings, such as the Temple of Three Windows and Aqlla Huasi, were moved without utilizing the wheel. Another big question: how were these huge blocks of stone placed on top of each another? Perhaps due to magnificent organization, using the strength of many men who, through a system of pulleys, accomplished such a feat.
The thought was initiated during the first administration of the Tahuantinsuyo Sapa Inca, called Pachacutec, around the 15th century. There is a legend of the origins of Machu Picchu that Pachacutec beat the Chankas with the help of the god Inti (the Sun), who made the stones surrounding the village of Cusco, to persuade the men to fight in favor of Inca. After defeating the Chankas, Pachacutec began the conquest of the kingdoms near Cusco. His ambition has angered the god Inti.
Pachacutec dreamed that the sun was forever hidden in the Cusco sky and realized that it was a warning from the Inti god. He apologized for his actions, but the nightmares continued, so he turned to the wife and sister of the god Inti, the goddess Quilla (the Moon). Moved by the change in the attitude of the Incas, she advised them to prepare a sweet and bitter drink with fermented corn and invited them to eat with Inti on top of a mountain near Huayna Picchu. The Incas did all that the goddess said and went the venue of the meeting. Pachacutec waited and waited but did not reach the Inti god.